Tanzania is a peaceful country in East Africa with abundance of wildlife, mountains, beaches, historical sites and authentic cultural diversity of more than 125 local ethnics. Tanzania is the best Safari country with Serengeti National Park known as the endless plains is famous for Annual Wildebeest Migration and Predators, Kilimanjaro Mountain the Roof of Africa, Tarangire National Park, Ruaha National Park, Selous Game Reserve, Ngorongoro Conservation Area the home to famous Ngorongoro Crater, Empakai Crater, Olmoti Crater, Oldupai Gorge Museum and Ndutu Plains. Other attractions of Tanzania include Historical Sites and Exotic Islands of Zanzibar. Tanzania is blessed with over 125 local ethnics, spectacular white sandy beaches and 16 National Parks with diversity of flora and fauna.
Tanzania officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a large country in Eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region. Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic, and the capital city is Dodoma, where the President’s Office, the National Assembly and other government ministries are located. Dar es Salaam is the largest city and comercial centre followed by Mwanza, Arusha and Mbeya in Tanzania.
European colonialism began in mainland Tanzania during the late 19th century when Germany formed German East Africa, which gave way to British rule following the World War I. The mainland was governed as Tanganyika, with the Zanzibar Archipelago remaining a separate colonial jurisdiction. Following their respective independence in 1961 and 1963, the two entities merged in April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania.
Tanzania is an East African country known for its vast wilderness areas. They include the plains of Serengeti National Park, a safari mecca populated by the “big five” game (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, rhino), and Kilimanjaro National Park, home to Africa’s highest mountain. Offshore lie the tropical islands of Zanzibar and Mafia Marine Park, where whale sharks swim through reefs.
Weather and Climate
Climate-wise, Tanzania has a tropical climate, an average daytime temperature of around 25°C, and receives an annual average of 892mm per year.
While old hands will tell you that Tanzania can be visited at any time of the year, choosing when to travel will be dictated by climate, area and interest.
June to October Dry Season
June and July are the best months to see the wildebeest migration. You can see crossing, there is a lot of game in Tarangire, Ngorongoro Crater, Central Serengeti, Eastern and northern Serengeti. Plenty of cats, big number of Elephants in Tarangire and Serengeti and they are found in open areas. Animals are easier to spot since they concentrate around waterholes and rivers and there is less vegetation. There are fewer mosquitoes because there is little to no rain. Skies are clear and most days are sunny.
Even though most tourists visit during the dry season, the parks still do not feel crowded, except for some of areas in Serengeti and Ngorongoro. Morning and night get cold. It’s recommended to bring warm clothing for morning game drives in open vehicles during the months of June, July and August.
November through May – Wet Season
Late January to April is the time to see the wildebeest migration and the calving season around Ndutu Plains nestled in Ngorongoro Conservation Area and Serengeti Plainsin the southern plains. You can see a lot of predators and vultures following the migration of wildebeest and zebras and here you may witness a lot of hunting. This is an excellent time to see the predator action.
The scenery is green and beautiful. It’s low season, meaning lower rates and less crowded parks. Although wildlife is easier to spot in the dry season, you’ll still see plenty and most northern circuit parks offer good year-round game viewing. Migratory birds are present and bird watching is at its best. March to May is the peak of the wet season.